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Vaccine Preventable Diseases & Immunizations

Find out more about the diseases you may encounter, and the vaccine information that can help protect you.

Typhoid Fever

WHAT IS IT?

  • Typhoid fever is a serious, sometimes fatal, illness caused by a bacteria called Salmonella Typhi24
  • These bacteria are spread through contaminated food, drink, or water and can spread from person to person. They thrive in places with poor sanitation.24
  • Symptoms can include chills and fever (which can exceed 40°C or 104°F), headache, tiredness, dizziness, and loss of appetite, nausea, stomach pains, and constipation or diarrhea24
  • Serious complications can occur after 2-3 weeks of illness

PREVENTION TIPS

  • Follow strict food and water precautions while traveling:
    • Ensure all food is well cooked—especially meat and seafood
    • Consume only canned or commercially bottled drinks
    • Avoid using ice cubes
    • Eat only fruits and vegetables that you wash in purified water and peel yourself
    • Avoid cold cuts, salads, watermelon, and puddings
  • If you’re traveling to an area where typhoid is common, ask your travel health care professional about vaccination against typhoid fever25

Consult your travel physician for additional health information.

For more information visit: wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/diseases.htm

IMMUNIZATIONS

Currently there are 2 vaccines available in the United States.25 You should ask your travel physician to determine which vaccine may be better for you.

HELP PROTECT YOURSELF

Vaccines can help protect you from diseases that are still common in many parts of the world. Make certain you contact your health care provider and determine which vaccines you should receive before you travel.

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Diseases to Guard Against

When you’ve added your destinations, it is recommended that you take this list to your doctor so you can discuss relevant vaccinations before you travel.

Travel vaccines help protect you from illnesses present in other parts of the world, and help prevent the importation of infectious diseases across international borders. Which vaccinations you need depends on a number of factors, including your age, health status, and previous immunizations.

COMBINATION VACCINES

There are combination vaccines that help protect against multiple diseases that may reduce the number of shots you need.

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